The below mentioned article provides a summary on Views Regarding the Origin of Angiosperms.
A fundamental problem that must be dealt with is whether the angiosperms are monophyletic (i.e. a group consisting of all descendants derived from a single ancestor) or polyphyletic (i.e. a group that does not have a common ancestor).
Due to inadequate fossil records, the question of phyla of the angiosperms still remains unsolved. However, angiosperms are a natural group and contain characters, which make them unique from all other vascular plants.
(a) Monophyletic Origin:
i. As a group, the angiosperms have typically been viewed as being monophyletic. However, no definite fossil evidences are available in favour of the monophyletic origin.
This view is based on the fact that present-day angiosperms show remarkable consistency in their characters, i.e. presence of sieve tubes in all, uniform staminal structure, characteristic endothedial layer of the anther wall, double fertilization, and formation of triploid endosperm, which are considered defining features of angiosperms and support the monophyletic grouping.
ii. The monophyletic origin of angiosperms is also supported by Hickey & Doyle on the basis of their studies of mono-sulcate pollen.
iii. Dahlgren believes that the ancestor of the present-day angiosperms was a gymnospermous member.
(b) Polyphyletic Origin:
i. Several phylogenists including Cronquist, Hughes, Games, Krassilov and Meeuse have argued that the angiosperms are polyphyletic i.e. dicots and monocots originated from different primitive stocks at different times, and attained their present status through parallel or convergent evolution.
ii. The theory of polyphylesis is also supported by the fossil records of variety in perianth and the nature of carpel in both dicots and monocots.
iii. The polyphyletic origin of angiosperms is further supported by the fact that primitive orders of both the monocots and dicots do not show any close relationship in their characters.
Thus fossil records suggest that angiosperms, as a group, are monophyletic, and their families or groups of families are polyphyletic. However, recently, phylogenetic analyses using nuclear, mitochondrial, and plastid gene sequences have aided in clarifying relationships between the various angiosperm families.
The monocots and eudicots are each supported as being monophyletic. The angiosperms as a whole were found to be monophyletic to the exclusion of the gymnosperms.