Heredity is about the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetically from one generation to another.Heredity, the sum of all biological processes by which particular characteristics are transmitted from parents to their offspring. … The set of genes that an offspring inherits from both parents, a combination of the genetic material of each, is called the organism’s genotype.
Heredity, the sum of all biological processes by which particular characteristics are transmitted from parents to their offspring. The concept of heredity encompasses two seemingly paradoxical observations about organisms: the constancy of a species from generation to generation and the variation among individuals within a species. Constancy and variation are actually two sides of the same coin, as becomes clear in the study of genetics. Both aspects of heredity can be explained by genes, the functional units of heritable material that are found within all living cells. Every member of a species has a set of genes specific to that species. It is this set of genes that provides the constancy of the species. Among individuals within a species, however, variations can occur in the form each gene takes, providing the genetic basis for the fact that no two individuals (except identical twins).