The upcoming discussion will update you about the differences between Mitochondria and Chloroplasts.
Difference # Mitochondria:
1. They are colourless cell organelles.
2. Mitochondria are found in all types of aerobic cells, both plants and animals.
3. They are generally cylindrical in outline.
4. Their inner membrane is thrown up into folds called cristae.
5. Cristae remain in contact with inner membrane.
6. Cristae do not form grana.
7. Pigments do not occur in mitochondria.
8. Inner membrane and its cristae possess a large number of elementary particles for ATP synthesis.
9. Mitochondria do not take part in the conversion of light energy into chemical energy.
10. They liberate energy by breaking down of organic food.
11. Organic food is broken down to produce carbon dioxide and water.
12. Mitochondria consume oxygen.
Difference # Chloroplasts:
1. Chloroplasts are green organelles.
2. They are restricted to only some protists and exposed cells of plants.
3. Chloroplasts are generally disc-shaped.
4. The inner membrane gives rise to flattened sacs called thylakoids.
5. Thylakoids usually break connection with the inner membrane.
6. At places thylakoids produce grana.
7. The membranes of thylakoids possess chlorophylls and carotenoids.
8. ATP synthesis is carried out by coupling factors present only on the thylakoids.
9. Chloroplasts are the centres of conversion of solar energy into chemical energy.
10. They store energy by building up organic food.
11. Carbon dioxide and water are used as raw materials for synthesis of organic food in the process of photosynthesis.
12. Chloroplasts liberate oxygen.