In this article we will discuss about the structure of Golgi complex with its function. This will also help you to draw the structure and diagram of Golgi complex.
1. The name “Golgi Complex” was given after its discoverer, Camilo Golgi (1898), an Italian anatomist.
2. Golgi bodies are found in almost all the animal and plant cells.
3. Cisternae, vesicles and vacuoles are the three major Darts of Golgi complex (Fig. 294).
4. Each component of a Golgi body is bounded by double membrane-outer and inner membrane with an inter-membranous space.
5. Both the membranes are about 60-70 Å thick. Space between the two membranes is about 60-90 Å
6. Chemically, Golgi complex is lipoproteinaceous in nature. It contains almost equal amounts of phospholipids and proteins.
Golgi complex performs following main functions:
(i) Absorption of compounds.
(ii) Formation of enzymes.
(iii) Production of hormones.
(iv) Storage of proteins.
(v) Synthesis of polysaccharides.
(vi) Cell wall development.
(vii) Secretion of juices and fluids.