The upcoming discussion will update you about the differences between Plant Cells and Animal Cells.
Difference # Plant Cells:
1. A plant cell has a rigid wall on the outside.
2. It has a definite form.
3. It is usually larger in size.
4. It cannot change its shape.
5. It cannot change its position or move about.
6. Plastids are found in plant cells.
7. Plant cells exposed to sunlight possess chlorophyll containing plastids called chloroplasts.
8. A mature cell has a large central vacuole.
9. Nucleus lies on one side in the peripheral cytoplasm due to central vacuole.
10. Nucleus is elliptical.
11. Mitochondria are comparatively fewer.
12. Plant cells do not burst if placed in hypotonic solution due to the presence of cell wall.
13. Centrioles are usually absent.
14. Spindle apparatus nuclear division is an astral.
15. Golgi apparatus consists of a number of distinct or unconnected units called dictyosomes.
16. The cell cannot take part in phagocytosis.
17. Lysosomes are rare. Their activity is performed by specialised vacuoles.
18. Glyoxysomes may be present.
19. A plant cell produces all the materials needed by it.
20. Crystals of inorganic substances occur inside the cells.
21. Reserve food is generally starch and fat.
22. A tissue fluid does not bathe the ells.
23. Adjacent cells may be connected through plasmodesmata.
24. Cytokinesis occurs by cell plate.
Difference # Animal Cells:
1. A cell wall is absent.
2. A definite form is less common.
3. An animal cell is comparatively smaller in size.
4. An animal cell can often change its shape.
5. Many animal cells can change position or move about.
6. Plastids are usually absent.
7. Chlorophyll is absent.
8. An animal cell may have many small vacuoles.
9. Nucleus usually lies in the centre.
10. Nucleus is rounded.
11. Mitochondria are generally numerous.
12. Animal cells usually burst if placed in hypotonic solution unless and until they possess contractile vacuoles.
13. Centrioles are found in animal cells.
14. Spindle is amphiastral.
15. Golgi apparatus is either localised or consists of a well connected single complex.
16. It can ingest materials through phagocytosis.
17. Typical lysosomes occur in animal cells.
18. They are absent.
19. An animal cell cannot synthesize certain amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins and coenzymes needed by it.
20. Crystals usually do not occur in animal cells.
21. Reserve food is usually glycogen and fat.
22. A tissue fluid having NaCl bathes cells.
23. Adjacent cells are connected through a number of cell junctions.
24. Cytokinesis takes place by cleavage.